According to the European Commission, the pine processionary moth is widely spread throughout an extensive part of the European Union, thus the adoption of any quarantine measures against this organism would not be justified.
However, there are some EU instruments to help the Member States and their regions, especially those who are still free from this organism. If they meet specific conditions, they might be recognised as protected zones through the adoption of a Commision Implementing Decision and be subject to specific protective measures. Additionally, If the damage by the pine processionary moth amounts to at least 20% of the forest potential in a particular area, it is possible for the Member State or Region to use Article 24 of the Rural Development Regulation (1305/2013) to activate EAFRD funds to pay for the 'restoration of damage to forests from natural disasters and catastrophic events'.
European regions should make smarter use of these existing opportunities and should combine efforts to implement legislation and policies.